Anthropology

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Anthropology

Anthropology is the study of various aspects of humans within past and present societies.[1][2][3] Social anthropology and cultural anthropology[1][2][3] study the norms and values of societies. Linguistic anthropology studies how language affects social life. Biological or physical anthropology[1][2][3] studies the biological development of humans.

Archaeology, which studies past human cultures through investigation of physical evidence, is thought of as a branch of anthropology in the United States,[4] while in Europe, it is viewed as a discipline in its own right, or grouped under other related disciplines such as history.

 

The abstract noun anthropology is first attested in reference to history.[5][n 1] Its present use first appeared in Renaissance Germany in the works of Magnus Hundt and Otto Casmann.[6] Their New Latin anthropologia derived from the combining forms of the Greek words ánthrōpos (ἄνθρωπος, "human") and lógos (λόγος, "study").[5] (Its adjectival form appeared in the works of Aristotle.)[5] It began to be used in English, possibly via French anthropologie, by the early 18th century.[5][n 2]


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